Welcome at website of the 5PforRES s.r.o.
Prague Project Portfolio Planning Platform
for Renewable Energy Sources
Self-Powered Community Business Knowledge Transfer
this website is under actualization during the first half of the 2022.
This website is a call for cooperation on defining and direction of humankind’s developmental activities in the Nature’s environment on our absolutely unique planet. This call is made by a private entity in Prague, Czech Republic, which has been focusing on research of SPC (Self-Powered Community) for less developed regions around the world and on their partnership with other regions which have been doing better. The SPC Concept is presented as a shared, global approach of humankind toward preparation and implementation of socio-economic development (SED) projects and disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the ever-changing business environment affected by new information, financial, and organizational technologies.
5PforRES (Prague Project Portfolio Planning Platform for Renewable Energy Sources) is a project with an objective to develop and promote the SPC Concept’s know-how and its two key directions: WEMAF infrastructure and SPC Utilities. WEMAF infrastructure takes care of a comprehensive and uniform approach of Human toward water (W), electricity (E), materials (M), air (A) and finance (F). SPC Utilities are organizational units for preparation and implementation of socio-economic projects in a territory (in a province, around 1 mi. inhabitant). The call is focusing on the SPC Concept’s target group, i.e. households and entrepreneurs, and addresses SED and DRR (SED&DRR) leaders at global, national, and local levels as well as international, national, and local financial institutions and philanthropic organizations of our shared world.
SPC Concept – Call for Cooperation
Year of publication 2022 (date of publication is shifted from 2021 to 2022)
The Web Book is under preparation and will be available at the first half of 2022.
Thank you for your understanding.
Zdenek Chalus, PhD
Founder and Senior Partner
Web Book is Under Preparation
Infrastructure and SPC Concept
Year of publication 2018
The E-Book is a call for communicate about the possibilities that SPC Concept offers. The text is structured to assist targeted discussions on the direction of Social and Economic Development (SED) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) management in provinces …
Zdenek Chalus, PhD
Founder and Senior Partner
Pre Feasibility Study – SPC Concept and Pilot Project
Year of publication 2014
.The E-Book is devoted to the operation of the SPC Utility in a province of a developing country. The book describes the possibilities of projects structured according to WEMAF drivers. Financial model in this book presents examples of long-term loans – for 30 and 15 years.
Zdenek Chalus, PhD
Founder and Senior Partner
SPC pilot project advocacy in the Philippines
Year of publication 2013
Book, Blueprint, summarizes the 5PforRES s.r.o. outputs till 2013. The aim was get together all data and information and advocate a pilot project preparation. Preparation works and results of meeting in situ allowed to author write about opportunities for two pilot projects …
Zdenek Chalus, PhD
Founder and Senior Partner
Access to local natural resources and networking of Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (MSMEs) and Agro-Industrial Zones (AIZs) at local level is one complex package – a common task. Materials can be classified according to their origin: from Earth (inorganic), Nature (organic) and Human (mixed). In the days of Aristotle, people had to deal with land (one of the basic elements of people’s livelihood) that gave them work and food. Today, industry and agriculture process all sorts of materials. Supplying from the Earth side and from the Nature side is generous, and human demands go beyond any boundaries. Finally Human is slowly drowning into own waste and starts calling for a circular economy. The WEMAF driver’s role is to support local families and the growth of quality of local entrepreneurs. in other words, it means to support the growth of local MSMEs and AIZs chains. The aim is to support the emergence and application of the acquisitions and targeted bankruptcies in a private-public partnership (PPP) environment. This also applies to poor provinces, where informal approaches to property ownership (buildings, land, production) apply today, and where the local interpretation of business ethics (for mobile payment, barter shops, etc.) applies.
Generally: material is a mix of local mostly renewable resources and ability to build and operate local Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and Agro-Industry Zones (AIZs) operations via networks (internal cooperation) on a local level with strong influence of local responsibility, and with interest to participate on the global business network. However, the relationship to the soil, its protection (from water, wind, human waste) must become a permanent priority for Man.
A milestone in project management is a clearly defined, significant event taking place during the project. It is a moment when it is usually verified and measured if the outputs of the project stages are completed and accepted by the relevant contact.
In the project schedule, the milestone usually has zero duration. The illustration shows the sequence of signs throughout the project cycle. It indicates the manager’s idea of the extent and how detailed milestones are the best for setting up the specific project.
A funnel is a project management model used by project units (as they wish) to manage project preparation and implementation. Simultaneously, there are procedures to apply for using this model to create libraries (or catalogs from different libraries).
Generally, ideas for products and processes enter the Funnel as first, but only a fraction of them turns into a full-fledged project. In the middle segment of the Funnel is a space for testing, and only the most attractive proposals are selected. The last section of the Funnel indicates projects that meet the planned objectives.
According to the picture, the Funnel has two filters, A and B, and a set of „milestones“ and „packages.“ The „milestone“ indicates steps, stages, phases of the project life cycle, and data „packages“ reports, protocols, documentation fulfill contents, etc. The aim is to achieve the preparation, implementation, and completion of a project in three positions.
The Funnel has three outputs:
No 1. Direct exit from the Funnel.
No 2. Complementary solution for other projects, such as large infrastructure projects for the SED&DRR project’s needs (implemented in the province in the form of offsets).
No 3. Support to the ad hoc infrastructural projects that were initially launched outside of the Funnel and later shifted into the Funnel according to the disposition (requests) of a specific province (mostly a project assistance focused on a fast humanitarian aid case).
Each layer has its function. It reflects the Human effort to move development towards the projects that the broadest part of the population urgently needs. These are types of plans for essential elements of life that can be expanded in bulk (for billions of clients). These are the necessary technical, legal, and organizational standards that must first undergo a specific decomposition into individual components (Work Breakdown Structure), and then they must go through digitization.
Processes prepared in this way will enable deployment of machines (e.g., PPM, PIM, IFCM, IFCA, IAIM, DTM) and create the basis for the secure application of technologies (Blockchain and Smart Contract). The present trust in the security of e-services should be changed from the approach “Trust, but verify“ into a new machine hierarchy system that allows the approach “Never trust, always verify.”
The task of Filter B is to provide application models with pre-selected segments of project preparation and implementation (about the absorption capacity of monitored areas). Filter B will have a role in balancing the responsibility of the end recipients and suppliers (manufacturers) of machines being deployed in distributed business operations. The size (scope) of standards and long-term nature of the WEMAF supply market will have a significant impact on the attitudes of suppliers of any components and test mechanisms of WEMAF projects.
Thus, standardization of the WEMAF infrastructure market segment does not begin with the existence of elements at the market, but with demand for standards that itself will require long-term participation of manufacturers and suppliers in WEMAF infrastructure.
Generally, in this context, a filter A means an environment that acts on project selection in terms of SED & DRR objectives. Filter A should allow the pre-selection of projects with the potential to absorb the outputs of new technologies (Blockchain and Smart Contract) and to help AI to achieve a position of being able to promote sustainable living within the Great Triad.
Filter A has six layers (6Ds: Development, Determination, Decomposition, Digitalization, Distribution, Democracy). Each layer has its function. It leverages the effort of the Human to move his/her development towards a democratic organization of needs being articulated (in the sense of suppressing selfishness and giving priority to intellect derived from knowing the Nature, the Earth, and existence of the Universe).
The filter should ensure that projects passing through it supports Man’s decision-making ability (Determination), analytical skills (Decomposition), and standardization (Digitization) of processes that will be stimulated by projects that come through Filter A.
Proposed six layers should support the growth of distribution and democracy in Human’s personal life, and development of local and global business operations (informal employment, cash payments, reduction of the number of unbanked adults, etc.).
Access to finance is related to the proposed environment of „Financial Freedom“ and has links to the broadest possible participation of the population in social and economic development (SED) and to catastrophe risk management (DRR) at local level. Driver F (Finance) covers a wider range of features and importance of money for the lives of individuals, families, and other small and large communities. Human invented the money and has been working with it for over 2500 years. Today money has 3 functions (exchange medium, units of account and value holder) and 4 properties (divisibility, durability, homogeneity and value). The stability and flexibility of money is a huge challenge for the oncoming digitization and the entry of crypto-currency applications. Driver F has a general link to the above and at the same time outlines three main areas of its activity: technological, system and civil.
The first direction reflects the development of „Blockchain and Smart Contracts“ technologies, primarily the development and application of the Project Preparation Machines (PPM) and the Project Implementation Machines (PIM). The second responds to the social balance in the province (on site) called FF (Financial Freedom). The FF complements access to entrepreneurship with an opportunity where any province citizen has access to local financial flows and can live from own work. The third direction responds to job opportunities that anyone can access. A positive example brings public tendering (a tender for any candidates). It is a democratic approach to money for the work done. It is not about subsidies or direct financial payments to the poor and disabled, but rather it is about preparation and implementation of a „Public Project“. It is an idea about a general process that will take care about the permanent relationships between money and works done. Simply, it a challenge how to understand what – PROJECT – means for Human.
Some more details: such link must reflects performance of done work (plus profit or minus loss) and have a background in a FUND feeds from profits of project portfolio of a SED on national and provincial levels. Cost on a „Public Project“ must be smaller than any subsidy and benefit system that we can see commonly today. The proposed FF system is based on public (civic) tenders and on a smart jobs management for public needs. Clients of this system are citizens of a province that participate on products, services and work demanded (offered) by local private and public sector. Start up of a process for the FUND can be assisted via he SPC Utility in any province (more you will find in the SPC Utility section – Revolving Loan Fund, RLF). Later the FUND dissemination around the world should be implemented as a task of SPC Utilities and Local Government Units (LGUs) networks covering public fundamental needs of province. Such solution looks feasible, and should be discussed. The traditional budgeting of public spending’s brings a lot of suggestions and inspirations how to integrate and disseminate new technologies (Blockchain, Smart Contracts) into newly set processes both in developed and developing countries; how to understand and solve problems of formal and informal business interface of the present world.
Generally: money is the invention of Human to enable the flow of workflows associated with access to water, electricity, materials and air in relation to the needs and impacts on the health and safety existence of Human and Nature, as we know them today. On one side There is no reasonable reason why spent money for wars, terrorism and Human bad and, on the other side there is a strong reason to spent money on protection of position of Human in the “Great Triad”.
Access to air was a matter of course for all generations of people living on Earth (during the time of Aristotle, air and water were commonplace). To the air (an atmosphere, driver A) is thus closest to driver W (water). Without water and air Nature will not survive. Human is part of Nature, and when he/she is in a danger Human must always act in harmony with Nature. For Nature and Human, the atmosphere is the most perfect mechanism (machine) Earth has. The current state is that Human has begun to enter into the operation of this „machine“, and pollutes and damages it. Atmosphere is a common value of the “Great Triad”. Human must know how to manage his/her behavior in this environment if truly wants to survive on Earth as one of the living creatures of Nature. Access to the „Carbon Tax“ financial instruments and addressing the effects of DRR generated by local climate change is today a major problem. Air and water (atmosphere) are important not only for the health and growth of cells of living organisms, but also for origin and dissemination of viruses that are not cells but attack cells. The spectrum of threats of Man thus includes not only physical, but also chemical and biological influences. It is a complex of threats for which the air creates a universal medium for their spread, for defense against them, and for the ability to learn to live with them if it is necessary.
Generally: air is a mixture of gases creating gas cover of the Earth (atmosphere) that together with water ensures all mechanical, chemical and biological changes on the Earth. The most important is water cycle in the Nature (it ia a common value and the biggest opportunity how to start thinking and gain a common modus operandi for the climate change solutions). Access to Carbon financial Instruments (Carbon Tax) and DRR impacts solutions induced by climate change on a local level (change phenomena impacts). Access of Human to pandemic threats in history and now should follow the principles of hygiene that we can see in healthy Nature.
Accessing electricity, building a Distributed Energy Networks (DERs) and energy islands at local level is one common task. One needs access to electricity, without it, it would not be able to stand in the world that it has prepared itself. Electricity is promoted as a pure form of energy (it was fire in the times of Aristotle; but for disasters the fire is the same dangerous element till the present time). Electricity enters all sectors (housing, industry, agriculture, transport and others). The development of electrification needs an open market, prerequisites for local partnerships, for the development of services in the local market and for the fulfillment of all payment obligations. There is a growing popularity of renewable sources and storage of electricity in batteries, and it seems that the DER concept will eventually win the world. This predetermines the development of electrification in developing countries. Nevertheless, electricity, coal and oil and gas still dominate, and the possibilities of liquefied natural gas and hydrogen are increasing. Human seems to be retreating from the gigantic plundering of fossils from nature and trying to reduce CO2 production. However, Human’s conflict in the Grand Triad persists. It is good that he began to understand the importance of electricity, especially the “Solar”, fed by the primary energy source, the Sun.
Generally: electricity is the cleanest form of energy, supporting the purposefulness and efficiency of Man’s work (generally all internal and external functions in the environment of physical, chemical, and biological forms of life).
If one thing compensates another thing, the other reduces the effect of the first one so that any advantage or disadvantage is eliminated; we talk about offset. It is something that has emerged or evolved from something else. Even so, there are many forms of offsets in the investment sector. In the civilian area, the most widespread are the carbon offsets. A company may voluntarily decide to invest in carbon offsets to mitigate its environmental impact. We can achieve by providing financial support to projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon compensation systems allow individuals and companies to invest in environmental projects around the world to balance their carbon footprint. That know-how will play an essential role for the SPC Utilities in poor provinces but with a clean environment.
All WEMAF projects should start and be located in developing countries for a long time and help build financial streams to reduce future global emissions. We can see a broad spread of offsets in military projects, usually as government investment, and in other investment projects supporting local development as a supplement to significant investments from influential investors. The know-how gained from any WEMAF project application will act as an accelerator for all spectrum of SED&DRR programs and projects worldwide.
Access to water and water management and access to DRR caused by climate change (e.g. typhoons, floods, tsunamis) are two problems in one whole that we call water (water was water also in the times of Aristotle). Human has not yet understood the importance of the Earth’s atmosphere for his life and survival. In general he/she does not acknowledge that drinking water is a product – that water is not simply coming from heaven – that the producer is Nature, in an entirely unique environment provided by Earth. This production cycle is a complex and balanced system. One can to treat (modify) water but not to produce it and distribute it around all the Earth. Human is not a small child to have all from mother (from both Nature and Earth) for free. Human matured and began to significantly change the nature of the landscape (construction of large cities, roads, factories and agriculture fields) and influencing the composition of the atmosphere (mining and using of coal, oil, and destruction of living species and stands). All this has shown that Human needs to change. How? Simply through respecting of a common law of the “Grand Triad”. Human has to change the selfish approach to water and to implement coercive instruments, including the payment mechanism of commitments not only between people but also to their surroundings, where they are living and working; in summary Human has to take note of stronger objects than he is himself, he/she must respect both Nature and Earth.
Generally: water is a chemical compounds which – together with air (Earth atmosphere) creates the basic pre-conditions for existence of Nature and shaping the surface of the Earth (in this sense, Human is a part of the Nature).
The E-Book, and the Blueprint, summarizes the output of the 5PforRES work until 2013. The aim was to put together all data and information for the preparation of a pilot project. Preparation works and results of meeting in situ allowed the author to write about opportunities for two pilot projects for the Philippines, specifically for the Sorsogon and Laguna provinces.
The book describes general conditions for the relationship between social and economic development in a territory (area of a province dimension), cities, municipalities, and barangays and needs (risks) that have a link to the first SPC Utility pilot project in a developing country.
The E-Book is devoted to the operation of the SPC Utility in a province of a developing country. The book describes the possibilities of projects structured according to WEMAF drivers.
Financial model in this book presents examples of long-term loans – for 30 and 15 years – (displayed as a call on International Financial Institutions) and long terms loans blended with operational loans and micro-loans (presented as a call on local banks).
The E-Book provides examples of investments and acquisitions in the province’s environment, small infrastructure, Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) with a link to Local Governments Units (LGUs) and local entrepreneurs; and target group in a province.
The E-Book is a call for communication about the possibilities that SPC Concept offers. The text is structured to assist targeted discussions on the direction of Social and Economic Development (SED) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) management in provinces with interest and absorption capability for this assistance.
The E-Book is bilingual (English-Czech) and offers translation into local languages. The emphasis is on capturing the initiative from below; through local people who live and work in a province. It also presents stories and examples to support this approach and emphasizes international and interdisciplinary teamwork that it seeks to induce.
An E-Book is under preparation and will be available in the second half of 2021.
The E-Book calls for the broadest collaboration on organizational changes in the development and implementation of SED&DRR investment programs and projects based on industrialization (standardization of primary processes and introducing machines into financial operations of project portfolio). It explains why WEMAF drivers have the technical potential to industrialize investment into local infrastructure. It also underlines why the SPC Utility network has a social potential to succeed and recommends starting such vast organizational change in poor provinces of developing countries.
The E-Book brings strategy for the starting interdisciplinary collaboration among professional capacities in the developed and developing world (in a broad spectrum, from policy to crucial technical detail). The book challenges IT specialists and other professions interested in the digitalization of the project life cycle and implementation of new AI technologies (Blockchain, Smart Contract).
The E-Book calls on international financial institutions, banks, central and local governments, and philanthropists to consider this challenge. One can find more information on www. 5pforres.eu.
The present population has to have water for life, electricity for the common coexistence, material for manufacturing and business, air for the global existence, and money for each individual’s survival.
Only after that the Human gain sustainable job opportunity, will not be hungry, be educated and skilled, be healthy for jobs and personal life, and be ready to work on consolidation of own vulnerability in the Great Triad.
CCA – Climate Change Adaptation; DRR – Disaster Risks Reduction; SED Social and Economy Development; HAP – Humanitarian Aid Programs.
The space-time of the Great Triad gives the human population a chance to live in the „gap of calm, „time of absence of the risks threatening the existence of life on Earth. This opportunity gives hope to Nature and Humans to have their visions and missions and to take specific actions. Humans react on it, build their workflows for processes seeking their life-pleasures means, monitor the achieved results, and spend a little attention on the impacts of individual activities.
To live, the current population has to have water, electricity, material for manufacturing and business, air, and money for each individual’s survival. Only after that, people gain sustainable job opportunities, will not be hungry, be educated and skilled, be healthy to hold a job (employment) and have a meaningful private life. They will be ready to work on the consolidation of their vulnerability in the Great Triad.
Great goals are achieved in small steps, taken in stable sequence, and results of the work done. The Human can handle that alone because he/she has at his/her disposal an instrument that he/she invented and learned how to work with it. That instrument is a PROJECT – accurately the scope, the time, and the costs of any DEVELOPMENTAL action taken in preparation and implementation of projects within the context of the CCA (Climate Change Adaptation) strategies, as well as SED (Social and Economy Development) and DRR (Disaster Risks Reduction) programs and projects in any country, province, and locality around the world. The PROJECT organizes, manages, and implements any prompt responses of the Human to disasters through the HAP (Humanitarian Aid Programs).
DEVELOPMENT needs money for its PROJECTS. Printing money is easy, but creating value for money and achieving money capitalization for sustainable development is demanding. The Human is still learning this skill, but s/he realizes that s/he will have to speed up because, without an ongoing DEVELOPMENT, s/he will not survive in the Great Triad.
Therefore, s/he responds to new technologies (brought up by scientific progress) and modernizes existing organizational (administrative) practices. For example, accounting in manufacturing, services, and workflow has helped improve computers, and now a new chance has come for administration, distribution, management, internal control, and audits of financial flows. All this is feasible, thanks to currently known directions of artificial intelligence (AI).
At the beginning of the 21st century, the Human understands this opportunity. On the other hand, s/he should also think about how to strengthen his/her own „human“ intelligence. The goal is clear: To support the adoption of Blockchain and Smart Contract technologies. It is a way that will enhance the performance of computers, positively affect the efficiency of production, services, and work, and it will impact his/her shopping, including end business operations. All this can be (should become) an added value for both developed and developing countries, for provinces around the world. This added value improves and strengthens Human’s position within the Great Triad.
CCA – Climate Change Adaptation; DRR – Disaster Risks Reduction; SED Social and Economy Development; HAP – Humanitarian Aid Programs.
Here, project packages mean a mixture of various documents, drawings, schedules, procurement and other protocols, contracts, minutes of meetings, memoranda, advocacy of performed works, etc. structured according to pre-set standards (procedures). The packages capture the “As Is“ status, which is now available for events in the last stage of the project, and start the next step, the state of “To Be.“
Standardization of packages must be subordinated to the need for digitization (for the PPM, PIM applications, etc.). It must be useful for the defense of the project, creating libraries of records and comparing similar phases on similar projects passing through the SPC Utility network (for benchmarking processes).
It is always preferable to work with specific projects and assist the same structure of data generation on the local level. This approach is suitable for all provinces of all countries involved. The pre-condition for accepting the SPC Concept vector environment is the positive relationships to data gathering, data operations, and excellent results from the pilot applications. The goal is to build a strong base and a keen interest in rebuilding local financial cooperation (including commercial blending) for the digital building environment. Local participants are critical elements for such vast transformation, especially during the maturation of implementation of the Blockchain and Smart Contracts applications.
The network of SPC Utilities and the outlining of WEMAF drivers are prerequisites for collecting data and its high-quality processing. That will make it possible to understand the integrity and processes of attitude convergence of general discrepancies between administrative, legal, and business processes. Systemic work with on-site development projects (in towns, suburban areas, and rural areas of one province) will make it possible to enforce the digitization of these processes and to promote the implementation of new developmental technologies (Blockchain, Smart Contract). The aim of the reference to vectors and vector codes in the figure is to indicate the flexibility of the chosen approach and to indicate its possibilities for digitizing processes that the chosen path by itself will generate.
Internal Audit Integrity Machine (IAIM) is a tool for the project manager to monitor the project’s broader surroundings from the time of the first ideas to the start of construction and closing the operations. The aim is benchmarking indicators of effectiveness, efficiency, and economy of the project solution and its position in the SPC Utility project portfolio. It is a tool for building the SPC Utility project library and then of the know-how of the entire SPC Utility Network throughout the world.
Example of the Water Treatment Plant (WTP) captures the trends of wastewater treatment worldwide (technology, construction, costs, services, the direction for modernization and long-term sustainability of clean water on local levels). We can talk about a cloud library of the WTP around the world to be used by municipalities, investors, producers, and operators of WTPs. The library is nothing more than data collection, data ordering, and utilizing it for the real-life of the Human with Nature on the common Earth.
The Internet is a communication system that allows computers to communicate around the world. For our “Case,“ the “Target Group“ is known, and project preparation and implementation are tasks for the SPC Utility. Each project belongs to one category of the project Funnel (a, b, c, d), and each project at a specific group is standardized.
Project portfolio and each project have its position in a matrix of the project’s characteristics and selected keywords, for example, owner and location of the project, the scope of the plan (data supported by comments, photos, videos), project timing and financing (relevant milestones and project packages of the project life cycle from any financial settlement and data meeting the objectives).
The Internet also offers „Cloud Storage“ services for storing digital data and „Cloud Computing“ for working with digital data in a set-forth logical structure. The SPC Concept seeks its position using vectors for two-layers; for data arrangement and data operations. The first layer – Data Arrangement – is a global level that defines the basic orientation of project strategy to the set goals for the global environment. The second layer – Data Operation Local – represents the primary direction of project tactics recommended for the project portfolio. In this case, we can discuss a new challenge for IT services for the concrete (specific) utilization of the Internet and the Clouds.
The Statement divides the world into four areas (in a continental dimension: Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Others). Each region has its specifics and its roots (own characteristics). The Center of Excellency’s general policy is an example of an underlying common denominator of demand compared to the SPC Utility’s proposal (offer). Three vectors: Know-how, Best Practice, and AI applications, describes the critical directions for global development. On a worldwide scale, it is preferable to work with virtual models to obtain data from all countries (on province level). Such an approach is useful if regions accept work in a standard environment of the SPC Concept’s vectors. Area (provinces) can address the need for development and integration of wide discrepancies between administrative, legal, and business processes much more deeply than it has done presently.
These discrepancies limit development and trade cooperation, especially at a local level. The reason is not solving (to overlook) the problem of widening the gap between the principles of formal and informal relationships in public administration, private ownership, legal and personal security. Formal relations include practices of developed countries while developing countries prefer operations in modus of their traditional (informal) relationships. These positions destroy developmental, political, economic, and social attempts to implement digitalization on international levels and, finally, on the global level. Fortunately, the operation of filters A and B of the project pipeline management (in short, the Funnel) offer technical services that will bring hope for universal success.
The “Funnel Machine Operation“ case can be a technology influencer for the adaptability of behavior and Human motivation to accept organizational changes. The goal is to give the local level (to provinces) a chance to disseminate their steps of AI applications for their needs. All of these options require broad discussions and participation of IT experts, especially specialists, on the implementation of Blockchain and Smart Contract into the SED&DRR environment. It is the reason why this challenge is addressed primarily to them. The reference to vectors and vector codes in the figure above indicates the openness (flexibility) of the chosen approach and its possibilities for digitizing processes that the selected method reveals.
The Internet and the Clouds are linked to demand from places with a large concentration of people (from cities and densely populated areas). They are all related to the industry (manufacturing, services, work, and entertainment). They are satisfied with data flow fees and advertising charges. But in any case, the Internet and the Cloud services should still look for new content for the 21st century. For example, to build digital transformation on the live instances of financial support of project preparation and implementation. It’s not complicated, but it’s not common.
The Internet and voice participation in new dissemination technologies is the best opportunity for the transformation of the modern communication environment. In connection with the support to build „digital inclusion“ and with the need of dissemination of new tools, for example, for finance (FINTECH), legislation (LEGTECH), healthcare (HELTHTECH), both the Internet and the Cloud can offer new services in a vast spectrum of opportunities for a massive number of clients involved in the SED&DRR investment. It is the only question of Human creativity, nothing else.
Internet’s and voice participation in new technologies of dissemination is the best opportunity for the transformation of the modern communication environment. In connection with the support to build „digital inclusion“ and with the need of dissemination of new tools, for example, for finance (FINTECH), legislation (LEGTECH), healthcare (HELTHTECH), both the Internet and the Cloud can offer new services in a vast spectrum of opportunities for a massive number of clients involved in the SED&DRR investment. It is the only question of Human creativity, nothing else.
The Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) supports SPC Utility services (such as Loans and Acquisitions), especially the diverse structure of financial operations in a mix of standard and non-standard business relationships. The SPV goal is to find profitable projects that are not an entirely transparent and risky environment.
The SPV, through links to other tools, especially the Project Preparation Machines (PPMs) and Project Implementation Machines (PIMs), including their sub-tools (IFCM, IFCA, IAIM, and DTM), protects SPC Utility against any business rip-off, and unexpected frauds.
The SPV allows each SPC Utility portfolio project to sustain itself in a transparent environment and create a strong enough network of the defensive wall for smooth operation. The SPC Utility can operate as an independent Joint Stock Company to prepare and implement BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) projects with specific.
The objective of these services is to assist the development of an acquisition market for micro and small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) and Agro-Industrial Zones (AIZs) using local capital for investments. Any province has to implement developmental activities step by step, from micro-operations to micro networking, but always on their legs.
The RLF represents a link between the main creditor (for example, the World Bank), local banks, and other clients of the SPC Utility’s project portfolio. The RLF can extend financial services that are still missing in many provinces (e.g., acquisition and bankruptcy market). For example, RLF should allow for investments into family‑owned plantations, small enterprises, and chains of them and production and sale of goods made from locally available raw materials.
RLF can support families through micro‑loans, quick credit, and sale of securities in a structure and volume that will fit the needs of the target group (age, socio‑economic status). RLF can contribute to the growth of local capital (capital of families and small entrepreneurs).
Through the RLF and in link to activities of local government (with the provincial government budget) in co‑financing and blending of financial assistance, the impact of public and private projects will affect economic growth on the local level. In a province, the trust and cooperation with local banks will grow, and assistance from International Financial Institutions‘ support will get new impulses.
The Object Management Group (OMG) developed the Model of Business Motivation (BMM). The model works on verbal inputs and numeric outputs of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), and it can operate by both the SWOT analysis tool (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunity, and Threats) and by the BOCR methodology (Benefit, Opportunity, Costs, and Risks).
The BMM is a standard tool that offers a scheme or a structure for developing communicating and managing business plans. The model can support the project’s integrity (in project portfolio) and monitor, navigate, and indicate the direction (via internal financial control mechanism). It is a useful tool for broad local development schemes within the responsibilities of Local Government Units (LGUs) and other organizations and administrative bodies on the local level.
The Project Truth Detector (PTD) represents a tool for testing progress in project implementation that responds to necessary input information in real-time. The basic information includes data on the project (its purpose, efficiency, and economy). The detector (PTD) creates an image of the project via PPM and PIM data. It allows for measuring the planned-for time and costs compared to the actual consumption of time and values in a project cycle (from the first proposals to the completed work). The detector should provide a picture based on Pareto’s 80/20 rule stating that 80% of the consequences bases 20% of the causes.
The detector (PTD) tool aims to provide a rough picture of the status of the project and provide external observers interested in the progress of the project with the basis for asking specialists who are fully immersed in the project’s processes. For example, PTD says that the project two months in delay and the observer asks – will you meet the planned deadline? PTD says that the project consumed 50% of the costs, and an observer claims that no construction is visible on the site – can you explain that to me?
Detector (PTD) can be designed as an objective tool because its explanatory power is working on the machines’ communication. PPM and PIM communicate and assist both the project owner and the project manager. But in any case, both PPM and PIM are machines (operating the Blockchain and Smart Contract technologies), and the PTD detector is also a machine that uses data coming from both PPM and PIM. It gives answers on questions to any clients who are interested in a project and have a qualification for such communication. It is not direct communication between the project manager (or owner) with the interviewer (authorized to ask questions), but a voice communication between the interviewer and the machine (in a pre-defined range of problems).
For example, a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) shows the use of the PTD tool. Questions about the preparation, implementation, and operational functions of the WTP can be various (disputed payments, disputes over competencies and methods of doing the work, etc.). However, answers to them will always be with the support of PPM and PIM. Therefore, all problems that could delay construction of the WTP, negatively affect the quality of the work, or jeopardize WTP’s operational functions can lead to being in order by using PDT. Why? Indeed, because machines only work with authorized data (responsibility for every decision is under control, not underestimate, and it is fully registered), and the „machines“ (tools) guarantee that erroneous inputs do not penetrate the project’s process. It is about machine learning. One must learn to work with the PTD tool and, at the same time, know how to teach the machine to serve its purpose correctly.
Internal Financial Control Machine (IFCA) is a tool of project preparation and implementation for managers in a link to IFCM (specifically during the PPM and PIM application). The IFCA gives a manager the ability to resolve controversial project issues (discrepancies) in separate blocks. IFCA allows the manager to take a chunk out of the process, analyze it, optimize it, and control any new discrepancies on a boundary of neighboring blocks.
The IFCA should replace restrictive audits, mainly long-term auditing processes and subjective influences of out-of-process-standing experts. The purpose of the IFCA is to get the opportunity to quickly return to the ongoing IFCM process of a specific PPM and PIM applications.
Water treatment plant (WTP) is a specific environment for modeling such a dialectic situation. The model should allow for the training of solutions to problems (in a regime of ad hoc virtual expert teams) related to the entire project.
Internal Financial Control Machine (IFCM) is a tool of project preparation manager who, concerning PPM, monitors financial flows in the project linked to the risks donors, builders, suppliers, etc. Internal financial control (IFC) represents an essential operation of any plan to meet commitments for comprehensive commercial services throughout the project cycle.
Having ICF under control is the goal of every manager (to be informed in time about errors in a project and have paths, resources, and capacities for their elimination ready). The digitalization of the chain of these processes is the way for the IFCM’s success in any set of SED and DRR programs and projects.
Example of a WTP: IFCM monitors, step by step, according to the construction plan, consumption of planned finance, and the value acquired at the construction site. The IFCM is a technical tool, but it can also assist the authority to communicate with media, public and private bodies, creditors, and others who have a significant impact on the project’s financial flows.
The Project Implementation Machine (PIM) is a primary tool of project implementation manager who works with Blockchain and Smart Contract support. The PIM supports the whole project preparation cycle according to the set-forth milestones (preparation steps) and through packages supports until the successful completion of the project and the start of its operation (repair, modernization, liquidation).
The main milestones and their corresponding packages include land use planning, building permits, procurement, and preparation of tenders for goods, services, and works selection, contract preparation, signatures, and monitoring of construction and commissioning (through internal financial control and audits). The PPM sets milestones (in a contract) and releases access to PIM packages through the financial flow data in each sign to the final financial settlement.
PIM releases the drawing of funds only after confirmation of the work’s completion in the previous package and acceptance of the work’s continuity to the next box. The proposed workflow operates in this way. Other marketing, technical, organizational, financial, and legal aspects are not solved yet.
Additional marketing, technical, commercial, legal tasks, and a broad spectrum of regulatory elements are waiting for progress — the case of the Water Treatment Plants (WTPs) is an excellent example of how to penetrate all-important details needed for the project process digitalization.
Project Preparation Machine (PPM) is a primary tool for project preparation manager who works with Blockchain and Smart Contract support. This tool supports the entire project preparation cycle, according to the set-forth milestones (preparation steps).
It releases access to packages via the PPM (through data of financial flows in each box: from „active „-planed pillar to the next one).
Generally, this is the sequencing of milestones and the packages‘ contents: for zoning decisions, prospectus processes, building permits, tendering, contracting, and any statement for implementation financial setting.
The PPM tool is a way of describing and saving a proposed workflow. Other marketing, technical, organizational, commercial, and legal aspects are waiting for progress: biological Water Treatment Plants (WTPs) are good examples of such development.
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